The Cloud/AI Session took place on October 12, 2018 at the 3rd Korea-EU Coordinated Calls and R&D Conference.
The DECENTER project coordinator dr. Domenico Siracusa started the session by introducing the DECENTER project, the main challenges, concept, technical approach, key innovations, benefits and use cases.
Prof. Vlado Stankovski (University of Ljubljana) gave a presentation entitled “Smart Construction with DECENTER’s Fog Computing Platform and Challenges Ahead”. It concentrated on five problem areas in construction, including safety at work, construction site management, management of assets and resources, construction progress tracking and early (disaster) warnings. One of the identified use cases was aligned with the Big Data pipeline that starts from video streams, deidentification for privacy reasons, helmet detection by means of Artificial Intelligence (deep learning with TensorFlow) and then warehousing the obtained metadata and aligning it with Building Information Models. Finally, three challenges were presented, the need to address the Quality of Service, the security and privacy of data as well as the need for automated operation starting from the conception of the smart and safe construction site.
Dr. Ismael Cuadrado Cordero (ATOS) gave a presentation on the “Technological Issues of Cloud/AI/IoT”. He spoke about the industrial drive for the development of Edge and Fog computing technologies and about the potential of new industrial applications. Particular attention was paid on the topic of orchestration of Microservices and the involved challenges. The key message was: it is now the era of Fog computing.
Dr. Konstantinos Tserpes (ICCS/NTUA), the coordinator of the BASMATI project was the next speaker. His presentation was focused on Federated Cloud resource brokerage for mobile cloud services. Bearing in mind the challenges tackled in the BASMATI project, there seem to be great alignment with those tackled by DECENTER. Particularly interesting is BASAMATI’s approach to Cloud resources brokerage for mobile applications. On the other hand, the technological approach taken by the DECENTER project, which involves the use of Blockchain and Smart Contracts and fog/edge computing resources is a radically different approach to tackle similar challenges.
Prof. Hyeon Joon Moon (Sejong University) gave a very interesting talk entitled “Cloud + IoT + AI versus Blockchain”. Essentially, prof. Hyeon Joon Moon presented his own analysis of the state-of-the-art, which related Blockchain with any of the triumvirate technologies (IoT, AI and Cloud). Interestingly, there are great number of initiatives in all three areas. This poses significant challenges to DECENTER to go beyond the individual developments in any of the presented areas IoT+Blockchain, AI+Blockchain and Cloud/Fog/Edge+Blockchain.
Mr. Seo-Kjae Jang (AWS) had a very interesting talk entitled “What’s possible on AI in the 4th Industrial Revolution?” It basically showed the new AI services introduced by AWS. The presentation showed several commercial videos of using AI in environments such as homes, streets and industrial settings. The presentation did not address any of the public concerns, such as privacy and security of extracted data.
After the presentation session, the panel discussion (with all the presenters except Mr. Seo-Kjae Jang, plus Dr. Seungwoo Kum, the Korean cooordinator of DECENTER) focused mostly on the collaboration between EU and Korea, and the need for more events like this, in which it is possible to meet, engage and exchange ideas about potential collaborations.
Web link: http://korea-eu.org/